Nirjala Ekadashi Vrat Katha
निर्जला एकादशी व्रत कथा
Nirjala Ekadashi falls
in the month of Jyestha in the Shukla paksha (June), therefore it is also called
(Bhim sen, the seond Pandav Brother, had observed this difficult fast). Amongst
the 24 Ekadashi's observed throughout the year, the fast (Vrat) observed on
Jyeshtha Shukla Ekadashi is considered to be the most beneficial, if one
properly observes a fast on this day it is said to give the fruits of 24
Ekadashi observed throughout the year. Complete fast is observed on this day
with even water not being taken. People observe strict fast and offer pooja to
Lord Vishnu to ensure happiness, prosperity and forgiveness of transgressions
and sins. On the preceding day that is on the 10th lunar day, Sandhya (evening
prayer) is performed and only one meal is taken.
Once Bhimasena, the younger brother of Maharaja Yudhisthira,
asked the great sage Shrila Vyasa ji, the grandfather of the Pandavas, if it is
possible to return to the spiritual world without having observed all the rules
and regulations of the Ekadashi fasts.
Bhimasena then spoke as follows, "Oh greatly intelligent and
learned grandfather, my brother Yudhisthira, my dear mother Kunti, and my
beloved wife Draupadi, as well as Arjuna, Nakula and Sahadeva, fast completely
on each Ekadashi and strictly follow all the rules, guidelines and regulative
injunctions of that sacred day. Being very religious, they always tell me that I
should also fast on that day too. But, Oh learned grandfather, I tell them that
I cannot live without eating, because as the son of Vayudeva - Samanaprana,
hunger is unbearable to me. I can give widely in charity and worship Lord
Keshava properly with all manner of wonderful upacharas (items), but I cannot be
asked to fast on Ekadashi. Please tell me how I can obtain the same merits
result without fasting."
Hearing these words, the grandsire of Bhima, Srila Vyasa ji said,
"If you want to go to the heavenly planets and avoid the hell, you should indeed
observe a fast on both the light and dark Ekadashi's."
Bhima replied, "Oh great saintly intelligent grandfather, please
listen to my plea. Oh greatest of munis, since I cannot live if I eat only once
in a day, how can I possibly live if I fast completely? Within my stomach burns
a special fire named Vrika, the fire of digestion. Agni the fire-god, descends
from Lord Vishnu through BrahmA, from BrahmA to Angirasa, from Angirasa to
Brihaspathi, and from Brihaspathi to Samyu, who was Agni'' father. He is the
gatekeeper in charge of Nairritti, the south-eastern direction. He is one of the
eight material elements, and Parikshit MahArAja, he is very expert at examining
things. He examined Maharaja Shibi once by turning into a dove (for further
information on this incident see Srila A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada's
Srimad Bhagavatam commentary to 1:12:20. Purport.)
Agni is divided into three categories; Davagni, the fire in wood,
JatharAgni, the fire in the digestion in the stomach, and Vadavagni, the fire
that creates fog when hot and cold streams mix in for example the ocean. Another
name for the fire of digestion is Vrika. It is this powerful fire that resided
in Bhima's stomach.
Only when I eat to my full satisfaction does the fire in my
stomach become satisfied. Oh great sage, I might possibly be able to fast only
once, so I beg that you tell me of an Ekadashi that is worthy of my fasting and
that includes all other Ekadashi's. I shall faithfully observe that fast and
hopefully still become eligible for liberation's release.
Shri Vyasa ji replied, Oh king, you have heard from me about the
various kinds of occupational duties, such as elaborate Vedic ceremonies and
pujas. In the Kali-yuga, however, no one will be able to observe all these
occupational & functional duties properly. I shall therefore tell you how, at
practically no expense, one can endure some small austerity and achieve the
greatest benefit and resultant happiness. The essence of what is written in the
Vedic literatures known as the Puranas is that one should not eat on either the
dark or light fortnight Ekadashi's." As stated in Srimad Bhagavatam (Mahabhagavat
Puran)) the Bhagavat Puran is itself the essence or cream of all Vedanta
philosophy (sara-vedanta-saram), and the Srimad Bhagavatam's unequivocal message
is that of full surrender to Lord Sri Krishna and the rendering of loving
devotional service to Him. Observing Ekadashi strictly is a great aid in that
process, and here Shrila Vyasa ji is simply stressing to Bhima the importance of
the Ekadashi vrat. "One who fasts on Ekadashi's saved from going to the hell"
Hearing Shri Vyasa ji's words, the son of Vayu, Bhimasena, the
strongest of all warriors, became frightened and began to shake like a leaf on a
banyan tree in a strong wind. The frightened Bhimasena then said, "Oh
grandfather, what should I do? I am completely unable and ill equipped to fast
twice in a month throughout the year! Please tell me of the one fasting day that
will bestow the greatest benefit upon me!"
Vyasa ji replied, "Without drinking even water, you should fast
on the Ekadashi that occurs during the light fortnight of the month of Jyeshtha
(May-June) when the sun travels in the sign of Taurus (Vrishabh) and Gemini (Mithun),
According to learned personalities, on this day one may bathe and perform
Achaman for pratiprokshana purification. But while performing Achaman one may
drink only that amount of water equal to a drop of gold, or that amount it takes
to immerse a single mustard seed. Only this amount of water should be placed in
the right palm for sipping, which one should form to resemble a cow's ear. If
one drinks more water than this, he might as well have drunk wine - despite the
soaring heat of summer (in the northern hemisphere and cold in the southern
One must certainly not eat anything, for if he does so he breaks
his fast. This rigid fast is in effect from sunrise on the Ekadashi day to
sunrise on the Dwadashi day. If a person endeavors to observe this great fast
very strictly, he easily achieves the result of observing all twenty-four other
Ekadashi fasts throughout the entire year.
On Dwadashi the devotee should bathe early in the morning. Then,
according to the prescribed rules, guidelines and regulative injunctions, and of
course depending on his ability, he should give some gold and water to worthy
brahmanas. Finally, he should cheerfully honor prasadam with a brahmana.
Oh Bhimasena, one who can fast on this special Ekadashi in this
manner reaps the benefit of having fasted on every Ekadashi during the year.
There is no doubt of this, nor should there be. Oh Bhima, now hear the specific
merit one gets by fasting on this Ekadashi. The Supreme Lord Keshava, who holds
a conch, discus, club and lotus, personally told me, 'Everyone should take
shelter of Me and follow My instructions.' Then He told me that one who fasts on
this Ekadashi, without taking even drinking water or eating, becomes free of all
sinful reactions, and that one who observes the difficult Nirjala fast on
Jyeshtha-shukla Ekadashi truly reaps the benefit of all other Ekadashi fasts.
Oh Bhimasena, in the Kali-yuga, the age of quarrel and hypocrisy,
when all the principles of the Vedas will have been destroyed or greatly
minimized, and when there will be no proper charity or observance of the ancient
Vedik principles and ceremonies, how will there be any means of purifying the
self? But there is the opportunity to fast on Ekadashi and become free of all
one's past sins.
Oh son of Vayu (air), what more can I say to you? You should not
eat during the Ekadashi's that occur during the dark and light fortnights, and
you should even give up drinking water (nir = no jalaa= water) on the
particularly auspicious Ekadashi day of Jyeshtha-shukla Ekadashi. Oh Vrikodara
(veracious eater), whoever fasts on this Ekadashi receives the merits of bathing
in all the places of pilgrimage, giving all kinds of charities to worthy
persons, and fasting on all the dark and light Ekadashi's throughout the year,
in one go. Of this there is no doubt.
Oh tiger among men, whoever fasts on this Ekadashi truly becomes
a great person and achieves all manner of opulence and wealth, grains, strength,
and health. And at the fearful moment of death, the terrible Yamadutas, whose
complexions are yellow and black and who brandish huge maces and twirl mystic
pasha ropes in the air for binding their victims, will refuse to approach him.
Rather, such a faithful soul will at once be taken to the supreme abode of Lord
Vishnu by the Vishnu-dutas, whose transcendentally beautiful forms are clothed
in gorgeous yellowish garments and who each hold a disk, club, conch and lotus
in their four hands, resembling Lord Vishnu. It is to gain all these benefits
that one should certainly fast on this very auspicious and important Ekadashi,
even from water.
When the other Pandavas heard about the benefits to be gained by
following Jyeshtha-shukla Ekadashi, they resolved to observe it exactly as their
grandfather Srila Vyasa ji had explained it to their brother, Bhimasena. All the
Pandavas observed it by refraining from eating or drinking anything, and thus
this day is also known as PANDava Nirjala DvAdashii (technically it is a
Shri Vyasa ji continued, Oh Bhimasen, therefore you should
observe this important fast to remove all your past sinful reactions. You should
pray to the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Lord Sri Krishna in this way making
your sankalp declaration, `Oh Lord of all the devtas (demigods), Oh Supreme
Personality of Godhead, today I shall observe Ekadashi without taking any water.
Oh unlimited Anantadev, I shall break fast on the next day, DwAdashii.'
Thereafter, to remove all his sins, the devotee should honour this Ekadashi fast
with full faith in the Lord and with full control over his senses. Whether his
sins are equal in volume to Mount Sumeru or to MandarAchala Hill, if he or she
observes this Ekadashi, the sins that have been accumulated all become nullified
and are burned to ashes. Such is the great power of this Ekadashi.
Oh best of human beings, although a person should also give water
and cows in charity during this Ekadashi, if for some reason or other he cannot,
then he should give a qualified brahmana some cloth or a pot filled with water.
Indeed, the merit achieved by giving water alone equals that gained by giving
gold ten million times a day.
Oh Bhima, Lord Sri Krishna has said that whoever observes this
Ekadashi should take a Holy bath, give charity to a worthy person, chant the
Lord's Holy names on a japa-mala, and perform some kind of recommended
sacrifice, for by doing these things on this day one receives imperishable
benefits. There is no need to perform any other kind of religious duty.
Observance of this Ekadashi fast alone promotes one to the supreme abode of Sri
Vishnu. Oh best of the Kurus, if one donates gold, cloth, or anything else on
this day, the merit one obtains is imperishable.
Remember, whosoever eats any grains on Ekadashi becomes
contaminated by sin and verily eats only sin. In effect, he has already become a
dog-eater, and after death he suffers a hellish existence. But he who observes
this sacred Jyeshtha-shukla Ekadashi and gives something in charity certainly
achieves liberation from the cycle of repeated birth and death and attains to
the supreme abode. Observing this Ekadashi, which is merged with Dwadashi, frees
one from the horrible sin of killing a brahmana, drinking liquor and wine,
becoming envious of one's spiritual master and ignoring his instructions, and
continually telling lies.
Furthermore, Oh best of beings (Jivottama), any man or woman who
observes this fast properly and worships the Supreme Lord Jalshayi (He who
sleeps on the water), and who on the next day satisfies a qualified brahmana
with nice sweets and a donation of cows and money - such a person certainly
pleases the Supreme Lord Vasudeva, so much so that one hundred previous
generations in his family undoubtedly go to the Supreme Lord's abode, even
though they may have been very sinful, of bad character, and guilty of suicide,
etc. Indeed, one who observes this amazing Ekadashi rides on a glorious
celestial airplane (vimana) to the Lord's abode.
One who on this day gives a brahmana a water pot, an umbrella, or
shoes surely goes to the heavenly planets. Indeed, he who simply hears these
glories also attains to the transcendental abode of the Supreme Lord, Shri
Vishnu. Whoever performs the Shraddha ceremony to the forefathers on the
dark-moon day called amavasya, particularly if it occurs at the time of a solar
eclipse undoubtedly achieves great merit. But this same merit is achieved by him
who simply hears this sacred narration - so powerful and so dear to the Lord is
One should clean his teeth properly and, without eating or
drinking, observe this Ekadashi to please the Supreme Lord, Keshava. On the day
after Ekadashi one should worship the Supreme Personality of Godhead in His form
as Trivikrama by offering Him water, flowers, incense, and a brightly burning
lamp. Then the devotee should pray from the heart, 'Oh God of gods, Oh deliverer
of everyone, Oh Hrishikesha, master of the senses, kindly bestow upon me the
gift of liberation, though I can offer you nothing greater than this humble pot
filled with water.' Then the devotee should donate the water pot to a brahmana.
"Oh Bhimasena, after this Ekadashi fast and donating the
recommended items according to his ability, the devotee should feed brahmanas
and thereafter honour prasadam silently."
Shri Vyasa ji concluded, "I strongly urge you to fast on this
auspicious, purifying, sin-devouring Dwadashi in just the way I have outlined.
Thus you will be completely freed of all sins and reach the supreme abode."
Thus ends the narration of the glories of Jyeshtha-shukla
Ekadashi, or Bhimaseni-Nirjala Ekadashi, from the Brahma-vaivarta Purana.