ॐ कृष्णाय नमः
एकादशी व्रत कथाएँ
Ekadashi is a sacred day, occuring twice a month in the
Hindu calendar - on the eleventh day of the bright half - called Shukla
Paksha and on the eleventh of the dark half called Vad Paksha. A fast is
to be observed on this day by all Hindus. During Ekadashi, a waterless
fast is ideal. However those unable to fast may take liquids, or if
needed farari foods. Tamil: ஏகாதசி, Bengali: একাদশী'
Ekādaśī' (Sanskrit: एकादशी, Telugu: ఏకాదశి, ekādaśī, "Eleven"), also
spelled as Ekadasi, is an auspicious day which occurs twice in a Hindu
calendar month. It is the eleventh lunar day (tithi) of each of the two
lunar phases which occur in a Hindu calendar month – the Shukla Paksha
(period of the brightening moon also known as waxing phase) and the
Krishna Paksha (period of the fading moon also known as waning
In Hinduism and Jainism it is considered a spiritual day and is usually
observed by a partial fast. Beans and grains are not consumed during
Ekādaśī because it is believed that they are contaminated by sin. Only
fruits, vegetables, and milk products are eaten during Ekādaśī. This
period of abstinence runs from sunrise on the day of Ekādaśī to sunrise
on the following day.
Hindu rules state that anyone between eight years and eighty years old
should fast which includes not drinking water. However, people who are
sick, have health issues, or are pregnant are exempt and may take light
food including milk and fruits.
Two EKADASHI occur in one month, according to positions of the moon. The
progression of the moon from full moon to new moon is divided into
fifteen equal arcs. Each arc measures one lunar day, called tithi, the
time it takes the moon to traverse that distance is the length of that
lunar day. Ekādaśī refers to the 11 tithi, or lunar day. The eleventh
tithi therefore corresponds to a precise phase of the waxing and waning
moon: In the bright half of the lunar month, the moon will appear
roughly 3/4 full on Ekādaśī, and in the dark half of the lunar month,
the moon will be about 3/4 dark on Ekādaśī.
There are 24 EKADASHI in a calendar year. Occasionally there are two
extra EKADASHI that happen in a lunar leap year. Each Ekādaśī day has
particular benefits and blessings that one can attain by the performance
of specific activities.
Bhagavata Purana (sk. IX, adhy. 4) notes the observation of Ekādaśī by
Ambarisha, a devotee of Vishnu